Summary regarding Holy Spirit baptism:

  • There were two baptisms on the day of Pentecost as the apostles were baptized in the Holy Spirit and approximately three thousand were baptized in water for the remission of their sins (Acts 2:37-41).


  • Nearly a decade after the day of Pentecost, there were two baptisms at Cornelius’ house, as Peter (and the Jews who accompanied him) witnessed the Holy Spirit baptism of Cornelius and other Gentiles and the water baptisms that followed (Acts10:44-48).


  • However, about twenty years after the baptism of Cornelius, Paul affirmed, “there is one baptism” (Eph. 4:5). But which one? Was it water baptism or Holy Spirit baptism?


  • Holy Spirit baptism cannot be the “one baptism” of Ephesians 4:5 because the purposes of Holy Spirit baptism have already been served. There is no need for Holy Spirit baptism to occur today. We already have a completed Bible (“all truth” John 16:13), and we do not need to be convinced that Gentiles are eligible for kingdom membership.


Thus, Holy Spirit baptism is not the “one baptism” of Ephesians 4:5 which is in force today.